Sunday, April 28, 2019

Humanitarian intervention Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

addition interpolation - Case Study ExampleThese abstract definitions, which are ofttimes social constructs, become even more problematic when viewed through the lens of legitimate honorable concerns. Does a foreign power have the right to intervene and restore order when the disruption of food supplies results in the starvation of massive numbers of children Does a world military power have the moral bargain to inflict democracy on a people that are oppressed economically, semipolitically, and socially and do not have the benefit of free elections and choice These questions have come before the external bodies such as the join Nations (UN) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in recent years as the Palestinian oppression, the atrocities in Kosovo, and the genocide in Darfur beg for resolution and are met with impasse and impotence on the world stage. Humanitarian relief and armed intervention is an issue too complex to be limited by predetermined rules and needs to be assessed on a case-by-case basis with morality and ethics as the further relevant veto powers available.The problems that are presented by international bodies in pursuing an armed humanitarian intervention are very clearly evident in the conflict that arose in Kosovo in 1998-1999. International police presented several obstacles to any unilateral or multi-lateral pull throughs without the near unanimous consent of the United Nations. Article 2(4) of the UN let explicitly prohibits military intervention into the internal affairs of any state, and that prohibition extends regardless of ideology (democratic or dictatorial), morality of the ruling government, or intervention for humanitarian purposes (Henkin, 1999, p.824). According to UN rules, certain ruling members have a veto power and in the case of Kosovo, Russia and China were willing to block any unanimous consensus on military intervention. Due to post Cold War animosities, geography and politics rendered unanimity by the changeless members in support of military action (especially in the Balkans) highly unlikely (Henkin, 1999, p.825). The United Kingdom, with support of the US, move forward without the approval of the UN, opting instead to invoke the collective approval of NATO as a legitimate international body that took precedence over the UN based on regional concerns and authority. Legal scholars generally agree that the NATO action in Kosovo was in violation of international law, though it can be justified through ethical and moral reasoning. While there is some debate on the ultimate effectiveness of the campaign and the come in of suffering alleviated, the focus should remain on the intent of the action. There is no doubt that there were political pressures that moved the impetus to provide humanitarian relief. The NATO action in Kosovo was taken to provide humanitarian relief, bar further catastrophe, prevent the destabilization of key parts of Europe, and to maintain the legitimacy of NATO (Wedgwood, 1999, p.829). Taken one at a time these goals may be insufficient, but their collective weight makes the action more acceptable. However, the detail that this was a Caucasian country and a Euro-centric action cannot be overlooked. Would this action have been initiated if the population were a black African nation According to Coady (2002, p.26), responses to exterminations need close examination lest they do contain elements of mere prejudice,

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