Tuesday, January 29, 2019
How Far Is Odysseus Motivated by Nostos?
Odysseus is cause in all by his believe to bear home (nostos). How far do you agree with this view? In your response you should * Consider how Odysseus behaves on his journey home * Include an analysis of his motives * endure your answer with evidence from The Odyssey. On his journey home, Odysseus encounters many obstacles which he examines to thrash swiftly so that he may arrive home as soon as possible however, it stern be argued that nostos is non his only motive throughout his journey, though it may be the most meaning(a).In parole 5, Homer presents Odysseus for the first time, and we find him weeping for his lost home and bo weighon care that he has been doing so for the past seven years every day. This shows how very much he longs for his nostos and that this is his main aim in life. However, despite his apparent inconvenience oneself and homesickness, he has non yet attempted to get around the island, nor does he abominate Calypso for keeping him here, as he sleeps with her every night and shows no aversion to eating and talking with her.Of course, if he did try to escape he would die immediately, so his motive for not doing so is self-preservation quite than nostos on the other hand, if he died he would never achieve his nostos, so possibly his fillet of sole motive is nostos. Further more(prenominal), he declines Calypsos offer of immortality as he claims his never-failing wish is to achieve his nostos. In book 9, Odysseus tells the Phaeacians that he and his workforce raided Ismarus when they left Troy.Odysseus motive for this could either be a rely for award (in which elusion he wants kleos rather than nostos) or a desire for supplies (in which case he does want to achieve nostos, and so is preparing himself for the journey). Also, he is vile to go out Ismarus as soon as possible which shows a desire for nostos however, he allows his workforce to overrule this decision, which either shows that his motive is to please hi s custody, or that his desire for nostos is not very strong at this point.If it is the former, his sole motive his not nostos. (Incidentally, when he drags two of his hands away from the Lotus-eaters, his motive is to please his men as well as to be a good leader, not nostos, which shows that his sole motive is not nostos at this point). In Book 9, Odysseus explains how he tried to escape the daphnia cave as he and his men were in mortal peril thus, his motive was self-preservation and good leader transmit (as he wanted to save his men as well).Furthermore, the reason they were trapped in the cave in the first place was because Odysseus desired booty though his men tried to urge him away, he wanted gifts and would not leave without them. In addition to this, he called out his true name to the Cyclops as he wanted kleos and thus provoked the Cyclops to rely him (which hindered his nostos). At this point in his journey, he was motivated more by kleos than by nostos. In Book 10, we find out that Odysseus stays with Aeolus for an correct month, thus fulfilling the laws of xenia by not rushing away, so piety seems to take precedence over nostos here.When he has left Aeolia, however, he is certainly anxious to reach Ithaca swiftly and even takes complete control of the sheet of the ship in his anxiety. He does not relax until they are in the long run in sight of Ithaca. Furthermore, when the winds blow him back to Aeolia, he does not attempt to linger once more but immediately requests Aeolus to assist him in reaching Ithaca as soon as possible and feels deep agony when the request his denied, showing how important nostos is to him.In Book 10, Odysseus also relates how he stayed with Circe for a year simply finding pleasure in living and enjoying himself. He does not feel any pressing need to return to Ithaca, and it is his men who finally remind him that they need to go home. This shows that he is not motivated solely by nostos on his journey. On the other h and, when his men urge him to leave Circes island, he is quick to agree and they leave the next day, showing his eagerness to return home however, despite nostos being the noteworthy motive it is clear that it is not the sole motive at this point.In Book 12, Odysseus encounters the Sirens, Scylla and Charybdis and the island of Thrinacie. Here it is very clear that his motive is not nostos he listens to the Sirens rather than putting wax in his ears, motivated by kleos and curiosity he attempts to kill Scylla rather than sailing swiftly past, again motivated by kleos he easily gives in to his men and lands on Thrinacie despite wise(p) that their deadliest peril (and greatest obstacle to nostos) lies there, claiming his motive is that he hobonot go against the bulk vote.Although he does pray to the gods for a way of escape from Thrinacie, he can also be motivated by wanting supplies and self-preservation, so his sole motive is not nostos. On Scherie, Odysseus states that All I s eek straight off is my passage home. The use of all shows that it is the only thing he wishes for and therefore his sole motive since he has left Calypsos island. It can be argued, however, that it is only because Odysseus has achieved kleos (his name is k nown even in the heavens) and no longer has the responsibility of his men that his sole motive is now nostos.Also, he has now been away from home for twenty years, and is now unfeignedly homesick. Odysseus arrival in Ithaca is quite anti-climatic although he is overjoyed and kisses the earth, Homer does not linger on the moment but relates how Athene and Odysseus proceed to drag a plan. The killing of the Suitors is much more significant, as it is described in great detail and Books 14 23 concern mainly this matter.Then again, perchance this is because Odysseus has not achieved his nostos simply by arriving at Ithaca he must retrieve his position as well, in which case the killing of the Suitors is far more significant. Howe ver, it can be argued that the killing of the Suitors is not solely motivated by nostos but also a desire for revenge, especially since Odysseus does not sheer any of them and kills his disloyal servants as well, and would have killed the Suitors families if it had not been for Athenes interference it does not seem like the sole motive for all of this killing could have been nostos.In conclusion, Odysseus is motivated by many things throughout his journey, including kleos, revenge, curiosity, the desire to please his men, good leadership, leading a comfortable life and nostos. in the first place he lands on Calypsos island, nostos is not the most significant however, it becomes his sole motive for the rest of his journey. Once he lands in Ithaca, it can be argued that he is also motivated by revenge, but nostos is understood a significant motive even if it is not the sole motive.